Verb to be/ Past Tense

What we have to do to change our sentences from present tense to past tense is to replace our verb to be in present tense for the respective verb to be in past tense.

Lo que tenemos que hacer para cambiar nuestras oraciones en tiempo presente a tiempo pasado es reemplazar el verbo ser/estar en tiempo presente por el respectivo verbo ser/estar en tiempo pasado.


Personal Pronoun

Verb to be/

Present Tense

Verb to be/

Past Tense

I Am Was Yo fui/era/estaba
He Is Was el fue/era/estaba
She Is Was ella fue/era/estaba
It Is Was eso fue/era/estaba


Are Were nosotros fuimos/eramos/estabamos
They Are Were ellos fueron/eran/estaban
You Are Were

usted fue/era/estaba

ustedes fueron/eran/estaban


Presente: I am sick.

Pasado: I was sick.


Presente: She is not a doctor.

Pasado: She was not a doctor.


Presente: Are they brothers?

Pasado: Were they brothers?




Adjectives are words we use to modify, describe or identify a person, animal or object. Los adjetivos son palabras que utilizamos para modificar, describir o identificar a una persona, animal u objeto.




The red car.

The big Wall.

The old man.

Adjectives can be classified into many categories. In English, adjectives are generally used in the order: quantity->opinion->size->age->shape->color->origin->material->purpose. Some of these categories: Los adjetivos pueden clasificarse en varias categorias. En ingles, los adjetivos por lo general se utilizan en el siguiente orden: cantidad->opinion->tamaño->edad->tamaño->color->origen->material->propósito. Algunas de estas categorias son:


Quantity Size Age Shape Color Origin Material Purpose Noun
five huge young   Black Canadian     Bears

old shapeless gray   cotton work Pants
many   antique     British   reference Books
one   teenaged     American     Boy
few     round blue Indian     Gems
many tiny   elongated brown   wooden fishing Boats
several large     purple   polyester sleeping bags
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Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives show to whom or to what a thing belongs to. Grammatically work as an article, so is always written before the object you want to show possession. These possessive adjectives are:

Los adjetivos posesivos indican a quién o a qué pertenece una cosa. Gramaticalmente funciona como un artículo, por lo tanto siempre va antes del objeto al cual se quiere mostrar posesión. Estos adjetivos posesivos son:






My mi, mis
You Your tu, tus
He His su, sus(a él)
She Her su, sus(a ella)
It Its su, sus(a él/ella)
We Our nuestro(s), nuestra(s)
They Their su, sus(a ellos/ellas)
You Your su, sus(a ustedes)


  • This is my book.
  • Is that my pencil?



  • I like your hair.
  • What is your name?



  • His name is Mike.                                 
  • The car over there is his car.



  • Her name is Maria.
  • Ana sleeps in her bedroom.



  • The dog is eating its food.
  • Japan is famous for its culture.



  • That is our car.
  • We live with our parents.



  • The students do their homework.
  • Is that their money?

Possessive Pronoun

Possessive pronouns are used to show to whom a thing belongs. A possessive pronoun is used instead of a noun. Possessive pronouns are:

Se utilizan para indicar a quién pertenece algo. El pronombre posesivo se utiliza en vez del sustantivo. Los pronombres possessivos son:






Mine mio/a, mios/as
You Yours tuyo/a, tuyos/as
He His suyo, suyos
She Hers suya, suyas
It Its suyo/a, suyos/as
We Ours nuestro/a, nuestra/as
They Theirs suyo/a, suyos/as
You Yours de ustedes
  • This bed is mine.
  • That car was mine.



  • I think that book is yours.
  • You can eat it now, it's yours.



  • The bicycle is his.                                 
  • Don't touch, that is his.



  • That dress is hers.
  • The rings are hers.



  • The dog house is its.
  • Those bones are its.



  • That car is ours.
  • The suitcases are ours.



  • Those bagas are theirs.
  • I don't like theirs.